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Indus River also known as Lion River, originates in the Tibet which comes under the China. Because of its origin, it is also known as Sengge Tsangpo River. This River flows from the desert region of the Leh valley in Ladakh. The Indus River, gives a different attraction destination for the people who came to Ladakh. This river has made a canyon on those ways from where it goes, esp. on Ladakh and Zanskar range. Indus River flows from the places where you can see many monasteries, gompas, years old statues and frescoes. This River is suitable for the River rafting.


Shyok River is tributary of Indus River, starts from the Rimo glacier in the Siachen glacier. This River meets with the Nubra River and become broad. After meeting with the Nubra River, it flows towards the Pangong area in the South East direction. From the Panging area, it flows ahead towards the North West direction and again flows parallel to its first path. After returning to its path it merges with the Indus at Keris in the east of Skardu.


The Suru River is a 185 kilometres (115 mi) long river, that originates from the Panzella glacier which lies at Pensi La pass near the Drang Drung Glacier. The Drang Drung Glacier also gives rise to the Stod River which flows down in the opposite direction from the Suru. The source of the Suru River lies 142 kilometres (88 mi) south of Kargil town, and 79 kilometres (49 mi) north from Zanskar. The river flows entirely within the jurisdiction of Kargil district. It flows through the towns of Tongul, Suru, Grantung, Goma and Kharul.


The Jhelum (Vyeth in Kashmiri, Vetesta in Sanskrit and Hydaspes in Greek) is the main waterway of the valley of Kashmir. It rises from a beautiful spring called Verinag. This spring is situated at the foot of a spur of the Pir Panjal mountain. Its total length is 725km. The Jhelum flows to a distance of 25.6 Kms to Khanabal like a nullah. From that place a number of tributaries join the Jhelum and make it navigable from Khannabal to Wular Lake. Its total length in the valley is 177 km.


The Vishav is fed by the Kausarnag lake which is about 3 km long. It joins the Jhelum below Bijbehara. Kousarnag is at an elevation of about 4000 meters above sea level in the Pir Panjal Mountains to the south of Kashmir. Ice is present in the lake even in summer.


The Rambi Ara is a river and major tributary to the River Jhelum located in Shopian district of the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It joins the Veshaw River near Sangam in Anantnag district before the confluence finally meets the Jhelum. The Rambi Ara originates in the Pir Panjal Range and has two major tributaries. The Rambi Ara is known for fluctuating water levels and is often affected by flash floods.


The Romushi is another tributary of the Jhelum. It flows from Kharmarg to Pakharpur and flowing towards north-east. It joins the Jhelum at 75 deg. East longitude.



The Sind River passes through a famous alpine hill station Sonamarg where river rafting tournaments on the river are being organised yearly by the Tourism Department of Jammu and Kashmir. It is the only river in Jammu and Kashmir on which three hydroelectric power plants are functional.


The Sukhang is another important tributary. It rises near Gulmarg and irrigates a large area.


Lidder, or Liddar, is a 73-kilometer- (45 miles) long river in the Kashmir region of India in the state of Jammu and Kashmir. It originates from the Kolhoi Glacier and joins the Jehlum River at Gurnar Khanabal at an altitude of 1,615 meters (5,299 ft). Lidder river originates from Kolhoi Glacier near Sonamarg and gives rise to Lidder Valley. It runs southwards through the alpine meadows of Lidderwat in region of Aru, from which it got its name. It covers 30 kilometers (19 miles) before reaching Pahalgam where it joins the major tributary of East Lidder from Sheshnag Lake. It then runs westwards until it meets the Jehlum River at Gurnar Khanabal near Anantnag.


This river is famous for its ice-cold water and trout Fish. Kishan Ganga River is in Drass (Kargil) in inner Himalayas. After passing through the mountain tracks of Gurez, Keran and Karnah it joins the Jhelum at Doemel. Kishan Ganga hydro-electric Project is situated on this river.


The Chenab River is a major river of India and Pakistan. The source of the river is located in the Lahul and Spiti district, Himachal Pradesh and flows through the Jammu region of Jammu and Kashmir into the plains of the Punjab, Pakistan.


The source of Tawi is the Kailash Kund Spring at Soej hills in Bhaderwah. After flowing through the Chennani and Udhampur, Tawi passes through Jammu and joins the Chenab in Ranbir Singh Pora and then enters Pakistan. Chennani hydro electric power project constructed on River Tawi has a capacity to generate 23 MW of power.



Ravi is a Trans boundary river flowing through northwestern India and Northeastern Pakistan. After the partition of India in 1947, the waters of River Ravi alongwith five other rivers of the Indus system (Beas, Sutlej, Chenab, Jhelum and Indus) keep India and Pakistan under the Indus Water Treaty and form the headquarters of Indus Basin. The river drains a total catchment area of 14442 sq kms in India after flowing for a length of 720 kms.

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